The Tamil Nadu government on Thursday told the Supreme Court that zoos in the country should be shut down, as per the logic of animal cruelty that was cited to ban the bull-taming festival of jallikattu in the state. The state’s lawyer pointed out that zoological parks keep animals in small cages and enclosures, thus subjecting them to pain and agony, reported The Telegraph.
“What about tigers, lions and others animals that are kept in small cages?...Why don’t we close down the zoos because what happens there also amounts to cruelty to animals,” senior counsel Shekhar Naphade said. He said the sport was nothing but a “brief hug of the animal by able-bodied youths”.
The bench of justices Dipak Misra and Rohington Nariman was hearing a petition filed by the Animal Welfare Board of India against a notification issued by the Centre in January allowing the festival, though the apex court had imposed a ban on the sport in 2014.
The bench said the government’s notice “negated” the court’s directive, reported The Hindu. “How can you [the Centre] negate our judgment banning jallikattu by coming up with the January 2016 notification allowing bulls to participate in the sport again,” the court asked the government’s counsel.
The Centre told the apex court that before issuing the notice, the administration was asked to make sure that bulls were not tortured during the sport. The government’s counsel said measures were also taken to curb practices like making the bulls consume alcohol. The government also told the bench that it was not fair to ask villagers to go watch F1 sports.
The two-hour hearing was inconclusive and the court will hear the matter next on December 7. The bull-taming sport is held in January during the festival of Pongal.
Money plays a big role in leading a fulfilled life. But here are some other factors to not discount
A large global survey has some surprising answers to how we think about life.
What’s the one thing that makes you feel most fulfilled? This was one of the simple questions asked to more than two million people in a worldwide survey conducted by Abbott, the global healthcare company. According to the survey, on a scale of 100, with 100 being “living fully”, Indians ranked themselves at 61, behind the global average of 68.4 and much behind China at 79 and Mexico at 75. Not surprisingly, with such a massive scale and scope, the survey results offered some startling insights into how people across countries think about their lives.
One of the biggest paradoxes the survey uncovered was that most people—nearly 44% of the respondents—felt money was the ultimate stumbling block keeping them from a fulfilled life. When asked about the one thing that makes them feel most fulfilled, money was not the number one response for even a single country. So why did people still claim it to be the top barrier?
One way to understand this is to study the top things that do make people fulfilled across the world. This showed a remarkable consensus. Globally most respondents selected “family” as the number one factor of fulfillment except in China, where “health” was considered more crucial to personal fulfillment. Attributes like “spirituality”, “success”, “giving”, “travel”, “community”, “health”, “music” and “adventure” also scored well in different parts of the globe.
It is clear that money can enable us to accomplish many of the things which give us a sense of fulfillment. It enables us to travel more, learn new things and even take better care of our health.
However, it is when we consider the pursuit of money as the primary key to fulfillment and an end in itself that the problems begin. Perhaps this is because we postpone our immediate happiness or ignore the things that give us joy for the sake of some distant financial goal. In India, especially, there is a tendency to prioritise work over family and friends. In the pursuit of wealth, we often avoid social occasions and get-togethers and skip simple acts of companionship like dining with family or wishing friends on important occasions like birthdays or anniversaries. Tellingly, nearly 23% Indian respondents chose “priorities” as the top barrier to fulfillment. This can lead to fatigue or burnout. It can also lead to increased emotional distance from friends and family, and contribute to a general sense of apathy in life. To top that, we may never realise how much money is enough money to do things that will bring us happiness and may continue to chase money at the cost of other joys. While being financially responsible is undeniably a virtue, it should not distract us, at least for long, from other drivers that directly contribute to personal fulfillments.
Ultimately, happiness is a choice. Many people choose to hold on to the “negative stimuli” in their lives. They choose to focus on the problems they face rather than the positive aspects in their life. Once you choose to be happy and focus on taking decisions that will make you happy rather than just make you money or bring you superficial success, it will become a lot easier to feel fulfilled. Think of happiness as a resource—an asset that needs be grown and cultivated just like your bank balance.
The path to greater fulfilment is a deeply personal one. Thankfully, there are many resources available that can help people around the world define and lead a more fulfilled life. Abbott is committed to helping people live the best life possible. Their website features life hacks for work or personal time like those listed below. These are great tools for those ready to lead a more fulfilled and meaningful life, starting today.
This article was produced on behalf of Abbott by the Scroll.in marketing team and not by the Scroll.in editorial staff.