World War II

Anne Frank may not have been betrayed to Nazis, but discovered by chance, say researchers

The Amsterdam museum dedicated to the Holocaust diarist said her safe house might have been raided over a ration fraud.

World War II diarist Anne Frank might not have been betrayed to the Nazis as was previously thought, the Anne Frank House museum in Amsterdam said on Friday. A new theory by researchers working on the teenager’s life during the Holocaust says the police might have chanced upon Frank and the seven other Jews living at Prinsengracht 263 during a ration fraud raid. All eight of the hidden Jewish residents were subsequently sent to the Auschwit concentration camp.

The Anne Frank House, in a post on its website, wrote, “The question asked has always been ‘Who betrayed Anne Frank and the people in hiding’? This explicit focus on betrayal, however, has limited the perspective on the arrest.” Researchers from the museum said they used the diary as a primary source, and tracked down police and judicial documents to find out why the raid at the Secret Annexe took place.

The study theorises that several kinds of illegal work and ration fraud were being carried out at the house, which might have led the police there. Previously, it was believed that members of the Germany secret society Sicherheitsdienst had come looking for Jews in hiding, a theory the researchers said was ridden with inconsistencies.

German-born Frank became one of the most widely known victims of the Holocaust after her diary, chronicling her life in hiding between 1942 and 1944, was published. The Franks lived in Amsterdam under the Nazi regime, and hid during that period in a set of rooms concealed behind a bookcase in an office building. Frank and her sister are believed to have died of typhus after they were transferred from Auschwitz to the Bergen-Bergen concentration camp. Her father Otto survived, and worked on getting her diary, written originally in Dutch, published.

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Following a mountaineer as he reaches the summit of Mount Everest

Accounts from Vikas Dimri’s second attempt reveal the immense fortitude and strength needed to summit the Everest.

Vikas Dimri made a huge attempt last year to climb the Mount Everest. Fate had other plans. Thwarted by unfavourable weather at the last minute, he came so close and yet not close enough to say he was at the top. But that did not deter him. Vikas is back on the Everest trail now, and this time he’s sharing his experiences at every leg of the journey.

The Everest journey began from the Lukla airport, known for its dicey landing conditions. It reminded him of the failed expedition, but he still moved on to Namche Bazaar - the staging point for Everest expeditions - with a positive mind. Vikas let the wisdom of the mountains guide him as he battled doubt and memories of the previous expedition. In his words, the Everest taught him that, “To conquer our personal Everest, we need to drop all our unnecessary baggage, be it physical or mental or even emotional”.

Vikas used a ‘descent for ascent’ approach to acclimatise. In this approach, mountaineers gain altitude during the day, but descend to catch some sleep. Acclimatising to such high altitudes is crucial as the lack of adequate oxygen can cause dizziness, nausea, headache and even muscle death. As Vikas prepared to scale the riskiest part of the climb - the unstable and continuously melting Khumbhu ice fall - he pondered over his journey so far.

His brother’s diagnosis of a heart condition in his youth was a wakeup call for the rather sedentary Vikas, and that is when he started focusing on his health more. For the first time in his life, he began to appreciate the power of nutrition and experimented with different diets and supplements for their health benefits. His quest for better health also motivated him to take up hiking, marathon running, squash and, eventually, a summit of the Everest.

Back in the Himalayas, after a string of sleepless nights, Vikas and his team ascended to Camp 2 (6,500m) as planned, and then descended to Base Camp for the basic luxuries - hot shower, hot lunch and essential supplements. Back up at Camp 2, the weather played spoiler again as a jet stream - a fast-flowing, narrow air current - moved right over the mountain. Wisdom from the mountains helped Vikas maintain perspective as they were required to descend 15km to Pheriche Valley. He accepted that “strength lies not merely in chasing the big dream, but also in...accepting that things could go wrong.”

At Camp 4 (8,000m), famously known as the death zone, Vikas caught a clear glimpse of the summit – his dream standing rather tall in front of him.

It was the 18th of May 2018 and Vikas finally reached the top. The top of his Everest…the top of Mount Everest!

Watch the video below to see actual moments from Vikas’ climb.


Vikas credits his strength to dedication, exercise and a healthy diet. He credits dietary supplements for helping him sustain himself in the inhuman conditions on Mount Everest. On heights like these where the oxygen supply drops to 1/3rd the levels on the ground, the body requires 3 times the regular blood volume to pump the requisite amount of oxygen. He, thus, doesn’t embark on an expedition without double checking his supplements and uses Livogen as an aid to maintain adequate amounts of iron in his blood.

Livogen is proud to have supported Vikas Dimri on his ambitious quest and salutes his spirit. To read more about the benefits of iron, see here. To read Vikas Dimri’s account of his expedition, click here.

This article was produced by the Scroll marketing team on behalf of Livogen and not by the Scroll editorial team.