The Yashwant Sinha-led civil society group report on Kashmir is bold – but also predictable

The Concerned Citizens Group recommends a dialogue with 'all stakeholders', without identifying who they are.

Looking at the fate of overt as well as back-channel initiatives on Kashmir since 1947, when the word Kashmir acquired the connotation of a dispute, prudence demands a healthy dose of scepticism while assessing another such effort, this time by the Concerned Citizens Group led by former finance minister and senior Bharatiya Janata Party leader Yashwant Sinha.

As is now the custom for such groups, the delegation met separatist leaders of the Hurriyat and many other people during its two visits to the state since October. On January 7, it released its report. Unlike a group of parliamentarians who had failed to meet jailed Hurriyat leaders in the Valley during the peak of the uprising last year, the Sinha-led civil society group was not spurned by anyone.

Also, probably for the first time, the Dukhtaran-e-Millat, a women’s resistance group widely known for its fierce support to the armed insurgency and disdain for fruitless dialogue, called the delegation’s report “rational and reasonably balanced”. Asking the masses and intellectuals of India to “go through the report to understand Kashmir issue”, it inferred from the document that “Kashmiri voices have started reaching somewhere”. At the same time, however, it said that resolving the Kashmir dispute “needed no new formulas as the solution is already enshrined in the UN resolutions”.

What has made the report resonate in Kashmir is, by and large, a seemingly objective representation of the situation on the ground. But therein lies the problem.

The report says that all Kashmiris hark back to Atal Behari Vajpayee’s proposal of resolving Kashmir “within the ambit of humanity” as something that offered a ray of hope. All Kashmiris? Really? Did no Kashmiri categorically demand azadi? Not even in South Kashmir, which only six months ago slipped out of the state’s control and had to be won back with military might?

“Almost every Kashmiri we met said there was a need for a one-time political settlement,” said the report. That is an old demand, at least 27 years old now. Older, if other pre-1990 political movements are acknowledged. But it may be asked, was there no definite articulation of that political settlement, like azadi, Pakistan, India, Independence, autonomy, this time? Did any of the tens of hundreds of people injured during last year’s summer uprising really say “Kashmiris have lost faith in India because India has failed them”? Wasn’t the loss of faith responsible for the uprising, or the armed revolt of 1990, in the first place?

Ineffective reports?

The framing of reports of such political initiatives has been problematic in the past too. The three interlocutors appointed by the government in the aftermath of the 2010 unrest, after an elaborate engagement with various sections of people in all regions of the state, called the demand for azadi a “soulless dirge”.

Another factor that makes these initiatives problematic, and probably ineffective in the end, is the tendency to slyly juxtapose a set of diverse complaints and demands from an unidentified heterogeneous group of people and club it into a report that is sought to be used as a roadmap for a short-term or long-term solution. For example, while explaining how people talk of yet another uprising, more intense than 2016, if the situation doesn’t change, the group slips in this finding: “They point out that neither the president nor the prime minister of India had participated in the last rites and burial of former Chief Minister Mufti Mohammad Sayeed, while both had rushed to Chennai when [chief minister] Jayalalithaa passed away. They contrasted the way two gold medal-winning sportspersons – PV Sindhu and young Tajamul Islam – were felicitated on their return from abroad.”

Hardly 5,000 Kashmiris – a sizeable number of them bureaucrats, politicians, ministers and their security detail – participated in the late Mufti’s funeral prayers at Srinagar. Why would the non-participation of the prime minister or president bother Kashmiris when they themselves stayed away from his last rites?

The people who made this point probably wanted to convey how India itself views Kashmiris in a bid to drive home the point of the emotional separation that happened a long time ago between Srinagar and New Delhi.

But this point can also mean that Kashmiris expect emotional warmth from India.

However, such a possibility is negated by another finding mentioned in the report, which says, “There is a near complete lack of faith in anything that the government of India says or promises because of a history of broken commitments. Even among those who say that they see a future with India, there is anger that India has not done enough to keep the Kashmiris with it.”

Telling it as it is

As Sinha has said after submitting the report, one must not give up hope. But let hope spring from an honest appraisal of the situation on the ground and then seek solutions that are in sync with that ground sentiment.

The situation on the ground tells us that although the people see last year’s uprising as an organic reaction to “betrayals by India”, the highest elected representative of the state, Chief Minister Mehbooba Mufti, calls it pre-planned violence and blames the resistance leadership and Pakistan. Paradoxically, those killed by government forces during this “nihilistic violence” have been posthumously awarded Rs 5 lakhs each, while those blinded by pellets will be provided education in good schools. This is the same government that repeatedly says reconciliation is the only way to move forward.

Pointing out this paradox is important because the Concerned Citizens Group has recommended a dialogue with “all stakeholders”. Pro-India parties such as the National Conference and the ruling People’s Democratic Party also count as stakeholders even though, as a rule, they sound separatist while out of power and ruthless nationalists while in power. The vague “all stakeholders” has been used in the past, too, to undermine the dominant political sentiment by pitching the aspirations of various groups and communities against each other. Such exercises have involved viewing hoteliers or intellectuals as independent stakeholders, in isolation from the larger community.

The group, therefore, has, by and large, treaded the path of its predecessors, although it makes a few bold observations about the situation. Its future endeavours would be greatly helpful if it can institutionalise the process of identifying stakeholders rather than just looking to multiplying them each time Kashmir erupts, if the demand for azadi is not clubbed with a minority community’s lament about jobs, and if “trust deficit” and the willingness to face bullets for a political sentiment are not mistaken for each other.

Like the group members, we will also keep hoping.

We welcome your comments at letters@scroll.in.
Sponsored Content BY 

Inspiration for the lazy, the casual and the gourmet home chefs alike

Discover, or rediscover the daily delight in food, one ingredient at a time.

It is known that home chefs can be arranged in a pyramid - the lazy ones at the bottom, the casual cooks in the middle and the gourmet experts at the top. While the challenges differ with each level, great solutions exist to make every meal an experience, regardless of the kind of cook you are. This guide to creating delightful food has something for everyone.

The lazy, hassled home chefs

You can ease into cooking by putting together meals that require minimal technique. Salads are a good place to start. Experiment with seasonal and exotic fruits and vegetables, tender vegetables and herbs, and artisanal breads as sides for a fresh, healthy and surprisingly gourmet experience.

Don’t be dismayed if you’re a non-vegetarian. There are still meals that require next-to-no prep. Think sausages that can easily be fried or grilled and cold cuts that pack a flavour punch. Health-conscious people can look for additive-free, preservative-free meat, bromate free bread and produce from free-range farms for assurance of quality. For variety, you can even put together a great Middle Eastern platter with fresh hummus and other dips.

For the casual cooks looking to impress

So, you can cook a decent meal but are looking to give your food that X-factor? To liven up regular dishes, experiment with superfoods which make your meals nutritious and novel. Try combinations like oats chila, quinoa or couscous upmas or a sprinkle of chia seeds in your breakfast pudding. Look for quality imports and efficient distribution for maximum retention of nutrients in superfoods.

Skilled enough to host people? An upgrade from basic ingredients is the most visible sign of your culinary progression. Experiment with exotic herbs like parsley, rosemary and sage as garnishing for intriguing flavours in your soups and salads. For lip-smacking desserts, use exotic fruits like kiwi, dragon fruit, acai berries and rambutan – your guests will be delighted.

For the perfectionist gourmet chefs

You’re quite the culinary expert in your circles, but want to leap to the next level? At the core of a successful gourmet creation lie the best ingredients. Seek a delicatessen which gives you only the freshest and most diverse range of ingredients. You’ll notice the difference in flavours as you move from garlic powder to actual garlic, and from chilli powder to real paprika in your preparations.

From the basic to the exotic, whatever ingredients you seek to implement the tips we just gave you are available at Godrej Nature’s Basket, the best store for fresh, quality ingredients. As the video below shows, their online and offline stores source and serves a wide variety of foods - fruits & vegetables, authentic delicatessen, the finest meats, irresistible bakery products, ready-to-cook sauces, healthy snacks and more.


Health-conscious people can also be assured of unmatched quality. You can choose from pesticide free offerings, organic fruits and vegetables, steroid-free meats, first catch of the day fish and seafood, bromate free bread and the best dairy and cheese from all over the world.

With their collection of hors d’oeuvre, artisanal breads, confectionary and desserts, there’s really no limit to what you can achieve daily in your kitchen. What’s more, all these high-quality products come at great, affordable prices.

To elevate your cooking and discover a world where food is a delight every day, click here.

This article was produced by the Scroll marketing team on behalf of Godrej Nature’s Basket and not by the Scroll editorial team.