The Daily Fix

The Weekend Fix: How Aadhaar is making citizens more vulnerable, plus nine more reads

Everything you need to know for the day (and a little more).

Weekend Reads

  1. “In terms of creative expression in general, be it a novel or cinema or a painting, there must be space for it. You can of course start discussions on the matter, but no form of artistic creation should be stopped or banned,” Perumal Murugan, the celebrated author, is interviewed in the Indian Express.
  2. You cannot make citizens safer by making them more vulnerable, write Nikhil Pahwa and Anand V in the Economic Times, saying that Aadhaar is claiming to do just that.
  3. Karthik Venkatesh in Mint tells the story of Dakhani, a unique mix of Urdu and South Indian languages that has had to battle northern disdain and state linguistic reorganisation while continuing to remain relevant.
  4. Mary Kom led the way for Indian boxing, despite administrative infighting and bureaucratic malaise. But now, Shamya Dasgupta says in Blink that the federation has a new leader and the new crop of boxers is excited for what comes next.
  5. KV Aditya Bharadwaj in the Hindu writes about Bharatavani, an online platform that is collecting material from dozens of Indian languages and making it easier for people to access them.
  6. “Since December 1992, pillars for a temple are being quietly chiselled, while the RSS has been carving out the structure of a Hindu India – brick by brick,” writes Pralay Kanungo in Outlook.
  7. Leena Gita Raghunath in the Caravan tells us how Malayalam cinema’s only female superstar got back to work.
  8. In California Sunday, Elizabeth Weil wrote an essay about what it is like to raise a teenage daughter. Then her daughter, Hannah H Duane annotated the piece.
  9. Hannah Beech in the New York Times tells the story of how the Myanmar state is systematically eradicating the Rohingyas’ past.
  10. In the Washington Post, Robert Costa, Carol D. Leonnig and Josh Dawsey give us a look inside the investigation that has kept US President Donald Trump’s White House on tenterhooks.

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Changing the conversation around mental health in rural India

Insights that emerged from discussions around mental health at a village this World Mental Health Day.

Questioning is the art of learning. For an illness as debilitating as depression, asking the right questions is an important step in social acceptance and understanding. How do I open-up about my depression to my parents? Can meditation be counted as a treatment for depression? Should heartbreak be considered as a trigger for deep depression? These were some of the questions addressed by a panel consisting of the trustees and the founder of The Live Love Lough Foundation (TLLLF), a platform that seeks to champion the cause of mental health. The panel discussion was a part of an event organised by TLLLF to commemorate World Mental Health Day.

According to a National Mental Health Survey of India 2015-16, conducted by the National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS), common mental disorders including depression, anxiety disorders and substance use disorders affect nearly 10% of the population, with 1 in 20 people in India suffering from depression. The survey reported a huge treatment gap, a problem that is spread far and wide across urban and rural parts of the country.

On 10th of October, trustees of the foundation, Anna Chandy, Dr. Shyam Bhat and Nina Nair, along with its founder, Deepika Padukone, made a visit to a community health project centre in Devangere, Karnataka. The project, started by The Association of People with Disability (APD) in 2010, got a much-needed boost after partnering with TLLLF 2 years ago, helping them reach 819 people suffering from mental illnesses and spreading its program to 6 Taluks, making a difference at a larger scale.

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During the visit, the TLLLF team met patients and their families to gain insights into the program’s effectiveness and impact. Basavaraja, a beneficiary of the program, spoke about the issues he faced because of his illness. He shared how people used to call him mad and would threaten to beat him up. Other patients expressed their difficulty in getting access to medical aid for which they had to travel to the next biggest city, Shivmoga which is about 2 hours away from Davangere. A marked difference from when TLLLF joined the project two years ago was the level of openness and awareness present amongst the villagers. Individuals and families were more expressive about their issues and challenges leading to a more evolved and helpful conversation.

The process of de-stigmatizing mental illnesses in a community and providing treatment to those who are suffering requires a strong nexus of partners to make progress in a holistic manner. Initially, getting different stakeholders together was difficult because of the lack of awareness and resources in the field of mental healthcare. But the project found its footing once it established a network of support from NIMHANS doctors who treated the patients at health camps, Primary Healthcare Centre doctors and the ASHA workers. On their visit, the TLLLF team along with APD and the project partners discussed the impact that was made by the program. Were beneficiaries able to access the free psychiatric drugs? Did the program help in reducing the distance patients had to travel to get treatment? During these discussions, the TLLLF team observed that even amongst the partners, there was an increased sense of support and responsiveness towards mental health aid.

The next leg of the visit took the TLLLF team to the village of Bilichodu where they met a support group that included 15 patients and caregivers. Ujjala Padukone, Deepika Padukone’s mother, being a caregiver herself, was also present in the discussion to share her experiences with the group and encouraged others to share their stories and concerns about their family members. While the discussion revolved around the importance of opening up and seeking help, the team brought about a forward-looking attitude within the group by discussing future possibilities in employment and livelihood options available for the patients.

As the TLLLF team honoured World Mental Health day, 2017 by visiting families, engaging with support groups and reviewing the successes and the challenges in rural mental healthcare, they noticed how the conversation, that was once difficult to start, now had characteristics of support, openness and a positive outlook towards the future. To continue this momentum, the organisation charted out the next steps that will further enrich the dialogue surrounding mental health, in both urban and rural areas. The steps include increasing research on mental health, enhancing the role of social media to drive awareness and decrease stigma and expanding their current programs. To know more, see here.

This article was produced by the Scroll marketing team on behalf of The Live Love Laugh Foundation and not by the Scroll editorial team.