For four months, the village of Baghjan Gaon in eastern Assam has resembled a battle zone. On May 27, a gas well operated by Oil India Limited blew out with a loud bang, causing panic among local people. On June 9, it burst into flames.

When The Third Pole’s correspondent visited earlier this month, they had to negotiate barricades, razor wire, an Indian Army truck and scores of security personnel to get to the village. The security staff were alarmed when they saw our reporter photographing the natural gas well, which was still on fire.

Hundreds of residents of were still living in relief camps. Some of their houses were in the so-called high-security zone, close to the well, and many had burnt down or been flooded. Villagers have to sign a document to visit their houses. After four months of constant noise from the well, the locals have become used to shouting at each other for even routine conversations.

Nilu Chetia and Somila Saikia prepare lunch for their families in the relief camp. They have been surviving on rations (lentils, rice and vegetables) provided by Oil India Limited. Photo credit: Prakash Bhuyan

Previously, many of the locals depended on the nearby Maguri Motapung wetland, where they caught fish. This time last year, these fish would have been in high demand in the nearby markets of Guijan and Tinsukia. Now, no one wants to touch them: natural gas condensate from the well has spilled all over the wetland and river. Layers of it are visible on the surface of the water.

Sabita Borah in the courtyard of her house, which she had to leave on May 27. She lost her silkworm harvest. Her husband used to fish in Maguri Beel but there are no fish now, she said. “Because of the sound and vibrations, I have a constant headache. Even my hearing is getting affected,” Borah said. Photo credit: Prakash Bhuyan
The crops in this paddy field have been destroyed because the water has been contaminated with oil condensate. Photo credit: Prakash Bhuyan
A layer of condensate on the flooded fields of Baghjan. The monsoons this year caused the most devastating floods in Assam since 2012. The water from the floods, carrying oil condensate, has run into drains and canals. Photo credit: Prakash Bhuyan
Maguri Motapung Beel illuminated by the fire gushing out of the gas well at night – before the gas was partially diverted. The sight was visible several kilometres away in the nearby district of Dibrugarh. Photo credit: Prakash Bhuyan

The Baghjan oil field has 21 active wells. Four of these are gas wells, including the one near Baghjan Gaon.

Site of the well, which caught fire on June 9 and was still blazing when 'The Third Pole' visited earlier this month. Photo credit: Prakash Bhuyan

The blowout has caused severe damage within a radius of two kilometres, destroying ecologically sensitive wetlands, tea gardens as well as wild and aquatic life. Maguri Motapung Beel was declared an important bird and biodiversity area in 1996. It is a large wetland and is a biodiversity hotspot with over 110 bird species, eight of which are listed as threatened on the International Union for Conservation of Nature Redlist, and 84 species of fish.

Recently, Oil India Limited said it had partially diverted the gas. There is no fire now at the wellhead, which is burning in two flare pits. The locals, however, say this has made no difference to the noise from the site. They continue to protest for further compensation.

Jonobor Moran, who works as a clerk at Baghjan Dighal Tarang school, has been registering students from his makeshift room in the relief camp. He said, “When it rains, water gets in through the holes in the tarpaulin. It has been very difficult to live here, but where else can we go?” Photo credit: Prakash Bhuyan
Displaced communities protesting for adequate compensation. Photo credit: Prakash Bhuyan

This article first appeared on The Third Pole.