Citizenship Tangle

Assam: Over 40 lakh people left out of final draft of National Register of Citizens

The list verifies 2.89 crore people, out of the 3.29 crore who had applied, as legal citizens of India.

The Assam government published the final draft of the National Register of Citizens on Monday. Around 40 lakh people did not find mention in the list out of 3.29 crore applicants.

The stated aim of the counting exercise is to separate genuine Indian citizens from so-called illegal migrants who might be living in the state. According to the terms of the exercise, anyone who could not prove that they or their ancestors had entered the state before midnight on March 24, 1971, would be declared a foreigner. Launched in 2015, it involved processing the applications of 3.29 crore people who hoped to be included in the register. Over the course of three years, the mammoth exercise has been through several controversies, including allegations of bias against certain communities.

Home Minister Rajnath Singh has been among the leaders who have assured people on Monday that the draft is not final, and that no action will be taken against anyone not on it. The Centre had deployed nearly 200 companies of central paramilitary forces in Assam ahead of the draft’s publication to maintain law and order.

8.35 pm: Congress President Rahul Gandhi appeals to members of his party to “help maintain peace and help all those against whom an injustice has been done”.

8.27 pm: The final list of the National Register of Citizens will be published by December 31, the Home Ministry says, according to PTI.

6.40 pm: West Bengal BJP chief Dilip Ghosh says a similar NRC will be published in West Bengal as well if his party is voted to power in the state, according to The Indian Express. Some politicians are “shedding crocodile tears” as they are wary that their “vote bank” politics will come to an end, he says.

“We will send back illegal citizens to Bangladesh,” he says. “Tough days are ahead, we will not tolerate any illegal immigrants in Bengal.”

6.39 pm: An unidentified senior official at the Home Ministry tells PTI that the process of claims and objections to the draft NRC will start from August 30 and go on for a month.

4.15 pm: Assam Chief Minister Sonowal says that “certain sections” are trying to “spread lies” after the NRC was published. “People of Assam have always lived with peace and harmony,” he tweets.

3.15 pm: TMC MP Derek O’ Brien says Mamata Banerjee was not consulted while the register wwas being drafted, and that the party has sought an appointment with the home minister in this regard. He says a delegation of Trinamool MPs will visit Assam along with Banerjee.

3.06 pm: Assam minister Himanta Biswa Sarma also reiterates that it was only a draft and not the final list. “People whose name is not there will have a fair chance of preferring claim,” Sarma says on Twitter. “We’ll stand by every Indian citizen. Our objective is to ensure a fair NRC and not discriminatory one. Figure of 40 lakh only in draft NRC and not final.”

2.30 pm: Minister of State Jitendra Singh says the Opposition, particularly Congress, is trying to politicise the issue. The home minister categorically says the government has no role in the publication of the draft list and the entire process was carried out under the Supreme Court’s direction, says Singh.

2.18 pm: Assam Chief Minister Sarbananda Sonowal says the publication of the draft list is a “very important responsibility for everybody”. “And in the near future, I hope everyone will extend their cooperation and everyone will be responsible enough to maintain peace and harmony in society,” he says, according to Times Now.

When asked about Mamata Banerjee’s remarks and both Houses of the Parliament being adjourned over the matter, Sonowal says Assam has abided by the directions of the Supreme Court and will continue to follow the orders of the top court.

1.25 pm: Banerjee says she will try to visit Assam and that her MPs are “already going”. “Let’s see if they are restricted or not.”

1.21 pm: Banerjee asked Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh to bring an amendment offering rehabilitation to those whose names have not been mentioned in the final draft. “Where will the 40 lakh people whose names have been deleted go?....Ultimately it is Bengal which will suffer.”

1.18 pm: The Trinamool Congress leader further alleges that people were being isolated through a game plan. “We are worried because people are being made refugees in their own country. It is a plan to throw out Bengali speaking people and Biharis. Consequences will be felt in our state also,” she says.

1.05 pm: “There were people who have Aaadhar cards and passports but still their names are not in the draft list,” says West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee at a press conference. She alleges that names of people were removed on the basis of surnames also. “Is the government trying to forcefully evict people?”

12.31 pm: In the Rajya Sabha, Trinamool Congress MP Derek O’ Brien says the government is running away from discussion and alleged that the voice of the opposition is being muzzled, reported The Indian Express.

12.21 pm: In the Lok Sabha, Rajnath Singh says such “sensitive issues” should not be politicised. “I want to ask the Opposition, what is the Centre’s role in this? It is happening under the supervision of the Supreme Court.”

12 pm: Assam Chief Minister Sarbananda Sonowal says the publication of the final draft marked a “historic day”. “For this remarkable feat, I extend my heartiest congratulations to the 55,000 officials engaged in NRC updation process and the people living across the Barak and Brahmaputra valleys, plains and hills of the state,” he said.

11.44 am: Trinamool Congress leader SS Roy claims Centre has “intentionally eliminated” more than 40 lakh religious and linguistic minorities from the list and asked Prime Minister Narendra Modi to clarify in the House. This will have “serious ramifications on the demography of different states adjoining Assam”.

11.19 am: Rajya Sabha adjourned till 12 pm after Trinamool Congress MPs cause an uproar over the final draft.

11.18 am: Congress party’s Assam unit chief Ripun Bora says it is surprising that the names of 40 lakh people have not been mentioned in the list. “There are lot of irregularities in the report,” says Bora. “We will raise this issue with the government and in the parliament. Political motive of BJP is also behind this.”

11.10 am: Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh says people are unnecessarily trying to create an atmosphere of fear. “This is a completely impartial report,” says Singh. “No misinformation should be spread. This is a draft and not the final list.”

Singh says someone whose name is not in the final list can approach the foreigners tribunal. “No coercive action will be taken against anyone, hence there is no need for anyone to panic.”

10.44 am: TMC MP Sougata Roy gives a notice for adjournment motion in Lok Sabha over the final draft of National Register of Citizens, reports ANI.

10.34 am: Registrar General of India Sailesh says every person whose name was in the first draft but is missing from final draft will be given an individual letter to file claim for her/his non-inclusion during claims and objections.

10.28 am: Joint Secretary (North East) of the Ministry of Home Affairs Satyendra Garg says no deportation will be carried out based on the final draft. “Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh said based on this draft, no reference to foreigners tribunal will happen and people won’t be sent to detention centres,” Garg said.

10.25 am: People marked as doubtful voters by the Election Commission and their descendants have been kept on hold, as have people whose cases are pending in Assam’s foreigner tribunals – quasi-judicial courts that adjudicate on matters of nationality. The total number of such people add up to 2.48 lakh, Hajela says.

10.20 am: The claims and objection process will begin on August 30 and carry on till September 28. Sailesh says there will be three kinds of forms for the the claims and objection process: claim forms for people who have not made it to the list, objection forms for people who want to raise objection to someone’s inclusion, and a correction form to rectify spelling errors.

10.15 am: “No qualitative judgement should be made on the people who are not part of this draft,” says Sailesh, who is also the census commissioner of India. “There will be no action taken on the basis of this draft. An intensive information campaign will be initiated to help people to file claims and objections.”

10 am: The Assam government publishes final draft of National Register of Citizens. Around 40 lakh people did not find mention in the final draft. State NRC coordinator Prateek Hajela says 2,89,83,677 out of 3.29 crore applications were found eligible to be included in the final draft. Those who were not included can make claims and objections, he added.

“The process has been completely transparent, fair, objective and meticulously carried out,” Registrar General of India Sailesh tells reporters at a press conference.

The NRC authorities, however, decline to provide a district-wise break up of inclusions and omissions.

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Swara Bhasker: Sharp objects has to be on the radar of every woman who is tired of being “nice”

The actress weighs in on what she loves about the show.

This article has been written by award-winning actor Swara Bhasker.

All women growing up in India, South Asia, or anywhere in the world frankly; will remember in some form or the other that gentle girlhood admonishing, “Nice girls don’t do that.” I kept recalling that gently reasoned reproach as I watched Sharp Objects (you can catch it on Hotstar Premium). Adapted from the author of Gone Girl, Gillian Flynn’s debut novel Sharp Objects has been directed by Jean-Marc Vallée, who has my heart since he gave us Big Little Lies. It stars the multiple-Oscar nominee Amy Adams, who delivers a searing performance as Camille Preaker; and Patricia Clarkson, who is magnetic as the dominating and dark Adora Crellin. As an actress myself, it felt great to watch a show driven by its female performers.

The series is woven around a troubled, alcohol-dependent, self-harming, female journalist Camille (single and in her thirties incidentally) who returns to the small town of her birth and childhood, Wind Gap, Missouri, to report on two similarly gruesome murders of teenage girls. While the series is a murder mystery, it equally delves into the psychology, not just of the principal characters, but also of the town, and thus a culture as a whole.

There is a lot that impresses in Sharp Objects — the manner in which the storytelling gently unwraps a plot that is dark, disturbing and shocking, the stellar and crafty control that Jean-Marc Vallée exercises on his narrative, the cinematography that is fluid and still manages to suggest that something sinister lurks within Wind Gap, the editing which keeps this narrative languid yet sharp and consistently evokes a haunting sensation.

Sharp Objects is also liberating (apart from its positive performance on Bechdel parameters) as content — for female actors and for audiences in giving us female centric and female driven shows that do not bear the burden of providing either role-models or even uplifting messages. 

Instead, it presents a world where women are dangerous and dysfunctional but very real — a world where women are neither pure victims, nor pure aggressors. A world where they occupy the grey areas, complex and contradictory as agents in a power play, in which they control some reigns too.

But to me personally, and perhaps to many young women viewers across the world, what makes Sharp Objects particularly impactful, perhaps almost poignant, is the manner in which it unravels the whole idea, the culture, the entire psychology of that childhood admonishment “Nice girls don’t do that.” Sharp Objects explores the sinister and dark possibilities of what the corollary of that thinking could be.

“Nice girls don’t do that.”

“Who does?”

“Bad girls.”

“So I’m a bad girl.”

“You shouldn’t be a bad girl.”

“Why not?”

“Bad girls get in trouble.”

“What trouble? What happens to bad girls?”

“Bad things.”

“What bad things?”

“Very bad things.”

“How bad?”

“Terrible!!!”

“Like what?”

“Like….”

A point the show makes early on is that both the victims of the introductory brutal murders were not your typically nice girly-girls. Camille, the traumatised protagonist carrying a burden from her past was herself not a nice girl. Amma, her deceptive half-sister manipulates the nice girl act to defy her controlling mother. But perhaps the most incisive critique on the whole ‘Be a nice girl’ culture, in fact the whole ‘nice’ culture — nice folks, nice manners, nice homes, nice towns — comes in the form of Adora’s character and the manner in which beneath the whole veneer of nice, a whole town is complicit in damning secrets and not-so-nice acts. At one point early on in the show, Adora tells her firstborn Camille, with whom she has a strained relationship (to put it mildly), “I just want things to be nice with us but maybe I don’t know how..” Interestingly it is this very notion of ‘nice’ that becomes the most oppressive and deceptive experience of young Camille, and later Amma’s growing years.

This ‘Culture of Nice’ is in fact the pervasive ‘Culture of Silence’ that women all over the world, particularly in India, are all too familiar with. 

It takes different forms, but always towards the same goal — to silence the not-so-nice details of what the experiences; sometimes intimate experiences of women might be. This Culture of Silence is propagated from the child’s earliest experience of being parented by society in general. Amongst the values that girls receive in our early years — apart from those of being obedient, dutiful, respectful, homely — we also receive the twin headed Chimera in the form of shame and guilt.

“Have some shame!”

“Oh for shame!”

“Shameless!”

“Shameful!”

“Ashamed.”

“Do not bring shame upon…”

Different phrases in different languages, but always with the same implication. Shameful things happen to girls who are not nice and that brings ‘shame’ on the family or everyone associated with the girl. And nice folks do not talk about these things. Nice folks go on as if nothing has happened.

It is this culture of silence that women across the world today, are calling out in many different ways. Whether it is the #MeToo movement or a show like Sharp Objects; or on a lighter and happier note, even a film like Veere Di Wedding punctures this culture of silence, quite simply by refusing to be silenced and saying the not-nice things, or depicting the so called ‘unspeakable’ things that could happen to girls. By talking about the unspeakable, you rob it of the power to shame you; you disallow the ‘Culture of Nice’ to erase your experience. You stand up for yourself and you build your own identity.

And this to me is the most liberating aspect of being an actor, and even just a girl at a time when shows like Sharp Objects and Big Little Lies (another great show on Hotstar Premium), and films like Veere Di Wedding and Anaarkali Of Aarah are being made.

The next time I hear someone say, “Nice girls don’t do that!”, I know what I’m going to say — I don’t give a shit about nice. I’m just a girl! And that’s okay!

Swara is a an award winning actor of the Hindi film industry. Her last few films, including Veere Di Wedding, Anaarkali of Aaraah and Nil Battey Sannata have earned her both critical and commercial success. Swara is an occasional writer of articles and opinion pieces. The occasions are frequent :).

Watch the trailer of Sharp Objects here:

Play

This article was published by the Scroll marketing team with Swara Bhasker on behalf of Hotstar Premium and not by the Scroll editorial team.