Film flashback: In ‘Good Bye Lenin!’, nostalgia for a Communist way of life saves lives

Socialism has its uses in Wolfgang Becker’s acclaimed German movie, set against the backdrop of the fall of the German Wall in 1989.

Democracy good, Communism bad? In Wolfgang Becker’s Good Bye Lenin!, the answer is a bit more complicated.

The 2003 German production is both a heart-tugging and hilarious family drama about a son’s dedication to his ailing mother and an astute deconstruction of the dynamics of nostalgia. Its central event occurs in 1989, a month before the collapse of the Wall that had divided the city of Berlin and separated East Germany from its Western sibling for 29 years. School teacher Christiane (Katrin Sass) is an ardent believer in Communism. Her son, Alex (Daniel Bruhl), has happily grown up under an authoritarian regime that controlled television habits, the food stocked in grocery stores, and the size of the apartments available to residents.

But he is not blind to the changes sweeping through their world. Unlike Christiane, whose eyes are literally and metaphorically clouded by the giant red banner that covers her window during a massive public celebration of yet another socialist milestone, Alex knows that the Wall, and everything it stands for, will soon be reduced to rubble.

Good Bye Lenin! (2003).

Alex participates in an anti-government demonstration, and his mother has the misfortune of seeing her son being beaten to the ground by the police. Christiane slips into an eight-month-long coma, and one of the greatest events in history passes her by. In a nice Hindi movie touch, the doctors warn Alex that Christiane has a weak heart and cannot endure any more shocks. Christiane had been previously hospitalised after her husband abandoned the family. After a nervous breakdown, she came back home and gathered herself by destroying all material traces of her husband’s memory. In a movie that is well stocked-up in its semiotics lessons, Christiane throws away her husband’s ties in a sack with the words “In solidarity with Mozambique” written on it.

Good Bye Lenin! (2003).
Good Bye Lenin! (2003).

By the time Christiane emerges from her coma, reunification has transformed Berlin. How is Alex to break the news to his beloved mama that East Germany no longer exists, and that everything she holds dear has vanished – her favourite brand of gherkins, the didactic news programmes, the socialist community spirit? How is he to hide the new red banners in town, which belong to Coca-Cola and not to the Soviet Union? How is his sister Ariane (Maria Simon) to tell her mother that she has abandoned her economic theory course for a job that studies the actual power of money (she works at the newly opened Burger King)?

The time machine that Alex builds along with Ariane, his girlfriend Lara (Chulpan Khamatova) and his friend Denis (Florian Lukas) will have immense resonance for Indians who witnessed the massive economic changes that took place in the country in the early 1990s. Alex starts meticulously recreating the world that evaporated with the fall of the Wall. The wallpaper, radio set, and old-style television are reinstalled in Christiane’s bedroom. Alex rummages in the trash for bottles of the old brand of gherkins, prompting a neighbour who misses the old days to comment, “This is how far they have driven us, we have to now fish in the garbage.”

Good Bye Lenin! (2003).
Good Bye Lenin! (2003).

Denis, an aspiring filmmaker who dreams of being the Stanley Kubrick of reunited Germany, even puts on a fake moustache and creates fake news broadcasts that assure Christiane that East Germany continues to be the most advanced nation on the planet.

Alex occasionally overplays his hand. He commissions a spurious news bulletin to justify the Coca-Cola banner that looms outside the window, and Denis declares that East Germany invented the cola drink.

Christiane is mildly suspicious. “Is Coca Cola a socialist drink?”

“See how the West has ripped us off all these years!” Alex replies.

Good Bye Lenin! (2003).
Good Bye Lenin! (2003).

Alex even manages to put a spin to the moment when Christiane steps out of the house for the first time and sees a giant Lenin bust being carried over the rooftops, presumably to a dumping ground somewhere. In the beautifully filmed sequence, the bust passes before Christiane’s dazed eyes, forcing Alex to come up with yet another on-the-spot rewrite of German history that is both funny and moving.

There is more than an antique shop quality to the former East Germany that Alex recreates. His endeavour to freeze the past in a pre-1989 mould has the support of some of Christiane’s comrades. One of them weeps in gratitude: “It is like living in the East.”

Alex and Ariane too have their nostalgia moment when they go to the bank to try and exchange old currency for new. In a scene that will be familiar to the hapless Indians who missed the demonetisation deadline, the siblings are thrown out of the bank. The old notes, like Christiane’s rigid beliefs, are as good as waste paper.

Good Bye Lenin! (2003).
Good Bye Lenin! (2003).

The movie doesn’t address the excesses of East German rule. The 2006 movie Das Leben Der Anderen (The Lives of Others) offers a less romanticised view of what it meant, especially for artists, to live under a brutal authoritarian regime. Instead, Good Bye Lenin! accommodates the yearning of East Germans to return to a way of life that had order, economic stability, equality, and the suggestion of individual dignity. “We were all valuable people,” one old codger remarks.

Wolfgang Becker and Bernd Lichtenberg’s screenplay gently and humourously suggest that while democracy and capitalism were inevitable and welcome developments, life in East Germany wasn’t all that terrible for many of its citizens. Like the website Soviet Visuals, which lovingly revisits memories of life in Soviet Union by collecting propaganda slogans, film clips, songs, post-cards and memorabilia, the movie dreams up the kind of country that Alex would have liked to have grown up in. The Wall needed to go, but the memories can stay.

Good Bye Lenin! (2003).
Good Bye Lenin! (2003).
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Following a mountaineer as he reaches the summit of Mount Everest

Accounts from Vikas Dimri’s second attempt reveal the immense fortitude and strength needed to summit the Everest.

Vikas Dimri made a huge attempt last year to climb the Mount Everest. Fate had other plans. Thwarted by unfavourable weather at the last minute, he came so close and yet not close enough to say he was at the top. But that did not deter him. Vikas is back on the Everest trail now, and this time he’s sharing his experiences at every leg of the journey.

The Everest journey began from the Lukla airport, known for its dicey landing conditions. It reminded him of the failed expedition, but he still moved on to Namche Bazaar - the staging point for Everest expeditions - with a positive mind. Vikas let the wisdom of the mountains guide him as he battled doubt and memories of the previous expedition. In his words, the Everest taught him that, “To conquer our personal Everest, we need to drop all our unnecessary baggage, be it physical or mental or even emotional”.

Vikas used a ‘descent for ascent’ approach to acclimatise. In this approach, mountaineers gain altitude during the day, but descend to catch some sleep. Acclimatising to such high altitudes is crucial as the lack of adequate oxygen can cause dizziness, nausea, headache and even muscle death. As Vikas prepared to scale the riskiest part of the climb - the unstable and continuously melting Khumbhu ice fall - he pondered over his journey so far.

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Back in the Himalayas, after a string of sleepless nights, Vikas and his team ascended to Camp 2 (6,500m) as planned, and then descended to Base Camp for the basic luxuries - hot shower, hot lunch and essential supplements. Back up at Camp 2, the weather played spoiler again as a jet stream - a fast-flowing, narrow air current - moved right over the mountain. Wisdom from the mountains helped Vikas maintain perspective as they were required to descend 15km to Pheriche Valley. He accepted that “strength lies not merely in chasing the big dream, but also in...accepting that things could go wrong.”

At Camp 4 (8,000m), famously known as the death zone, Vikas caught a clear glimpse of the summit – his dream standing rather tall in front of him.

It was the 18th of May 2018 and Vikas finally reached the top. The top of his Everest…the top of Mount Everest!

Watch the video below to see actual moments from Vikas’ climb.


Vikas credits his strength to dedication, exercise and a healthy diet. He credits dietary supplements for helping him sustain himself in the inhuman conditions on Mount Everest. On heights like these where the oxygen supply drops to 1/3rd the levels on the ground, the body requires 3 times the regular blood volume to pump the requisite amount of oxygen. He, thus, doesn’t embark on an expedition without double checking his supplements and uses Livogen as an aid to maintain adequate amounts of iron in his blood.

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This article was produced by the Scroll marketing team on behalf of Livogen and not by the Scroll editorial team.