The question of reservations and quotas tends to dominate pre-election promises, which is why various opposition parties had been demanding release of the statistics on economic and social status of different castes. But what was released instead was the population data by religion from the 2011 Census of India.
The data shows that the population of Hindus in the country has dipped below 80% for the first time even as the community still makes for a lion’s share of 79.8% of the population, while Muslims make up the next big chunk at 14.2% and Christian, Sikhs, Buddhists and Jains together comprise roughly 5%.
That the Muslim population grew by 0.8% in the 10-year period while the Hindu population declined by 0.7%, was perhaps bound to create news, particularly as the figures had been compiled and were ready to be released in March 2014, but were held back by the previous United Progressive Alliance on the eve of the Lok Sabha elections. The data has now been released by the ruling National Democratic Alliance government, led by the Bharatiya Janata Party, on the eve of the Bihar Assembly elections.
Here's a look at how some of the front pages of newspapers across the country reported the release of these figures.
The Hindustan Times headline, which announced that Hindus were now less than 80% of the country’s population, was termed “sensationalist” by many observers on social media. Even though the subheading clarified that the rate of Muslim population growth in the country is slowing down, the heading did result in some eyebrows being raised.
The Hindu, on the other hand, highlighted the fact that the Muslim population growth rate has actually slowed down over the last decades.
The Telegraph, meanwhile, went with this clever graphic to display just how large the Hindu population is in the country as compared to other religions.
The Times group's Navbharat Times went for an explosive headline that literally translates to "The political data of religion", and chose to highlight the fact that the growth rate of Muslim population was the fastest.
Dainik Jagran too pointed out that the Muslim share in the population has increased.
Amar Ujala made use of graphics to say the same thing and announced that the growth rate of Hindus was slower than that of Muslims.
The Gujarat edition of the Rajasthan Patrika highlighted the 79.8% Hindus and 14.2% Muslim figures while presenting a pie-chart of the respective share of various religions in the total population. It also highlighted that the growth rates across all religions had, in fact, slowed down.
Shiv Sena’s mouthpiece Saamna in Maharashtra ran with the protests by the Patel community for reservations in Gujarat as its lead story. However, the story on the census data roared that Hindus were still strong in Hindustan [India] with an exclamation mark.
On the other hand, Lokmat pointed out that in spite of the reduction in the birth rate, the percentage of Muslims in the population has risen.
In Karnataka, Udayvani Karnataka ran the story with the headline “Muslims increase more than Hindus! Percent of Hindus declines”.
However, the same newspaper had a different and more tempered headline in its English edition and the exclamation mark was gone too. “Hindu population declined; Muslims increased: 2011 census,” the headline said.
Prajvani, another Kannada newspaper, ran with “Rise of the Muslim population” as the headline along with “Religious census: The declining number of Hindus” as the tag for the story.
The Punjabi Jagran said, "Hindus and Sikhs decline as Muslims rise".
The Punjabi Tribune took the same approach and said, "Hindu and Sikh population declines in the country"
In Gujarat,the Divya Bhaskar’s headline announced that the Hindu population fell by 0.7% and that of Muslims grew by 08.%, according to census data.
Ei Samay in West Bengal ran with a straightforward “Muslim population growth rate is 24%, Hindu 16.8%, says religious census” as its headline.
Assam Tribune focussed on the Muslim population in the state.
The Sangai Express from Manipur also focussed on the state and highlighted that Hindus and Christians were approximately the same number in the state.
The next Industrial Revolution is here – driven by the digitalization of manufacturing processes
Technologies such as Industry 4.0, IoT, robotics and Big Data analytics are transforming the manufacturing industry in a big way.
The manufacturing industry across the world is seeing major changes, driven by globalization and increasing consumer demand. As per a report by the World Economic Forum and Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu Ltd on the future of manufacturing, the ability to innovate at a quicker pace will be the major differentiating factor in the success of companies and countries.
This is substantiated by a PWC research which shows that across industries, the most innovative companies in the manufacturing sector grew 38% (2013 - 2016), about 11% year on year, while the least innovative manufacturers posted only a 10% growth over the same period.
Along with innovation in products, the transformation of manufacturing processes will also be essential for companies to remain competitive and maintain their profitability. This is where digital technologies can act as a potential game changer.
The digitalization of the manufacturing industry involves the integration of digital technologies in manufacturing processes across the value chain. Also referred to as Industry 4.0, digitalization is poised to reshape all aspects of the manufacturing industry and is being hailed as the next Industrial Revolution. Integral to Industry 4.0 is the ‘smart factory’, where devices are inter-connected, and processes are streamlined, thus ensuring greater productivity across the value chain, from design and development, to engineering and manufacturing and finally to service and logistics.
Internet of Things (IoT), robotics, artificial intelligence and Big Data analytics are some of the key technologies powering Industry 4.0. According to a report, Industry 4.0 will prompt manufacturers globally to invest $267 billion in technologies like IoT by 2020. Investments in digitalization can lead to excellent returns. Companies that have implemented digitalization solutions have almost halved their manufacturing cycle time through more efficient use of their production lines. With a single line now able to produce more than double the number of product variants as three lines in the conventional model, end to end digitalization has led to an almost 20% jump in productivity.
Digitalization and the Indian manufacturing industry
The Make in India program aims to increase the contribution of the manufacturing industry to the country’s GDP from 16% to 25% by 2022. India’s manufacturing sector could also potentially touch $1 trillion by 2025. However, to achieve these goals and for the industry to reach its potential, it must overcome the several internal and external obstacles that impede its growth. These include competition from other Asian countries, infrastructural deficiencies and lack of skilled manpower.
There is a common sentiment across big manufacturers that India lacks the eco-system for making sophisticated components. According to FICCI’s report on the readiness of Indian manufacturing to adopt advanced manufacturing trends, only 10% of companies have adopted new technologies for manufacturing, while 80% plan to adopt the same by 2020. This indicates a significant gap between the potential and the reality of India’s manufacturing industry.
The ‘Make in India’ vision of positioning India as a global manufacturing hub requires the industry to adopt innovative technologies. Digitalization can give the Indian industry an impetus to deliver products and services that match global standards, thereby getting access to global markets.
The policy, thus far, has received a favourable response as global tech giants have either set up or are in the process of setting up hi-tech manufacturing plants in India. Siemens, for instance, is helping companies in India gain a competitive advantage by integrating industry-specific software applications that optimise performance across the entire value chain.
The Digital Enterprise is Siemens’ solution portfolio for the digitalization of industries. It comprises of powerful software and future-proof automation solutions for industries and companies of all sizes. For the discrete industries, the Digital Enterprise Suite offers software and hardware solutions to seamlessly integrate and digitalize their entire value chain – including suppliers – from product design to service, all based on one data model. The result of this is a perfect digital copy of the value chain: the digital twin. This enables companies to perform simulation, testing, and optimization in a completely virtual environment.
The process industries benefit from Integrated Engineering to Integrated Operations by utilizing a continuous data model of the entire lifecycle of a plant that helps to increase flexibility and efficiency. Both offerings can be easily customized to meet the individual requirements of each sector and company, like specific simulation software for machines or entire plants.
Siemens has identified projects across industries and plans to upgrade these industries by connecting hardware, software and data. This seamless integration of state-of-the-art digital technologies to provide sustainable growth that benefits everyone is what Siemens calls ‘Ingenuity for Life’.
Case studies for technology-led changes
An example of the implementation of digitalization solutions from Siemens can be seen in the case of pharma major Cipla Ltd’s Kurkumbh factory.
Cipla needed a robust and flexible distributed control system to dispense and manage solvents for the manufacture of its APIs (active pharmaceutical ingredients used in many medicines). As part of the project, Siemens partnered with Cipla to install the DCS-SIMATIC PCS 7 control system and migrate from batch manufacturing to continuous manufacturing. By establishing the first ever flow Chemistry based API production system in India, Siemens has helped Cipla in significantly lowering floor space, time, wastage, energy and utility costs. This has also improved safety and product quality.
In yet another example, technology provided by Siemens helped a cement plant maximise its production capacity. Wonder Cement, a greenfield project set up by RK Marbles in Rajasthan, needed an automated system to improve productivity. Siemens’ solution called CEMAT used actual plant data to make precise predictions for quality parameters which were previously manually entered by operators. As a result, production efficiency was increased and operators were also freed up to work on other critical tasks. Additionally, emissions and energy consumption were lowered – a significant achievement for a typically energy intensive cement plant.
In the case of automobile major, Mahindra & Mahindra, Siemens’ involvement involved digitalizing the whole product development system. Siemens has partnered with the manufacturer to provide a holistic solution across the entire value chain, from design and planning to engineering and execution. This includes design and software solutions for Product Lifecycle Management, Siemens Technology for Powertrain (STP) and Integrated Automation. For Powertrain, the solutions include SINUMERIK, SINAMICS, SIMOTICS and SIMATIC controls and drives, besides CNC and PLC-controlled machines linked via the Profinet interface.
The above solutions helped the company puts its entire product lifecycle on a digital platform. This has led to multi-fold benefits – better time optimization, higher productivity, improved vehicle performance and quicker response to market requirements.
Siemens is using its global expertise to guide Indian industries through their digital transformation. With the right technologies in place, India can see a significant improvement in design and engineering, cutting product development time by as much as 30%. Besides, digital technologies driven by ‘Ingenuity for Life’ can help Indian manufacturers achieve energy efficiency and ensure variety and flexibility in their product offerings while maintaining quality.
The above examples of successful implementation of digitalization are just some of the examples of ‘Ingenuity for Life’ in action. To learn more about Siemens’ push to digitalize India’s manufacturing sector, see here.
This article was produced on behalf of Siemens by the Scroll.in marketing team and not by the Scroll.in editorial staff.