A special Supreme Court bench comprising Chief Justice Dipak Misra, and justices Ashok Bhushan and S Abdul Nazeer on Tuesday began the final hearing of the Babri Masjid-Ram Janmabhoomi case, a day ahead of the 25th anniversary of the demolition of the mosque in Ayodhya in 1992.
The movement to demolish the mosque was led by the Bharatiya Janata Party and Vishwa Hindu Parishad. BJP leader LK Advani piloted one of many roadshows across India in 1990 to galvanise support to have a temple built at the site of the mosque. They believed that mosque stood on the spot where Hindu god Ram had been born. Eventually, in December 6, 1992, the mosque was torn down by karsevaks, or volunteers of the Sangh Parivar.
The Supreme Court has taken up 13 appeals filed against the Allahabad High Court’s 2010 judgment that ruled a three-way split of the disputed 2.77 acres in Ayodhya among the Sunni Waqf Board, a Hindu organisation called the Nirmohi Akhara, and Ram Lalla or Infant Rama, which is represented by the Hindu Mahasabha, for the construction of the Ram temple.
In recent weeks the case received a lot of attention after Art of Living founder Ravi Shankar attempted to meet all of the stakeholders in the dispute and find an out-of-court solution.
Here is a round-up of pieces published on Scroll.in on the dispute:
- The Supreme Court should not deliver its judgement on Ayodhya before the 2019 election: It would be neither fair nor wise as the United States learned the hard way in the 19th century.
- How Rama appeared inside the Babri Masjid: On December 23, 1949,the Ayodhya Police filed an FIR following the planting of the idol of Lord Rama in Babri Masjid the night before. It named Abhiram Das as the prime accused. The secret story of what happened.
- ‘There are now only eighteen days left...’: Five weeks before the Babri Masjid is demolished, Delhi wakes up to tantalising pamphlets on the walls, claiming to reveal India’s suppressed past, its ‘Secret History’. True or fictional? Who writes them? A dying man tries to find out. An excerpt from the novel, ‘The Hour Before Dawn’.
- The backlash on the day after: In her controversial novel ‘Lajja’ (Shame), Taslima Nasrin recounts the hostile response in Bangladesh to the demolition of the mosque.
- 25 years on, Supreme Court order shows how justice in the Babri case has been denied: Mass crimes conducted in the name of religion in India almost never result in convictions.
- Babri Masjid litigant Hashim Ansari, 95, never lost his faith in the courts: The tailor from Ayodhya was one of the last people with personal knowledge of how the mosque was turned into a temple in 1949.