animal world

Where have the movie animals (including Tuffy and Dhanno) gone?

A mockumentary reminds us of our favourite working pets on the screen.

Tuffy is a deeply important member of the Choudhary clan, umpiring a cricket match, playing match-maker between couples, and divining the message of god and reuniting lovers. But what was life for Tuffy, the artist also known as Redo, before stardom?

‘Tuffy: True Bollywood Stories’.

Redo, the Indian spitz who plays Tuffy in Sooraj Barjatya’s Hum Aapke Hain Koun…! (1996), was adopted by lead actress Madhuri Dixit after the shoot. Dixit’s gesture ended the career of the “dog ex machina” without which the movie could not have had a happy ending.

The mockumentary Tuffy: True Bollywood Stories, directed by Vijayeta Kumar, chronicles the supposed life and times of the top dog. The story of his fame and fall is narrated by his mother (played by Paromita Vohra), a film critic (Deepanjana Pal), his manager (Kaizad Kotwal), his make-up artist (Vrajesh Hirjee) and his co-star from HAHK, Renuka Shahane (playing herself). Comedienne Aditi Mittal, who co-wrote the film with Jugal Mody, makes a brief appearance towards the end as the woman whom Tuffy supposedly madly loved, leading to a sting in the tale. The short film begins with an interesting premise but ends up as a shaggy-dog story with too much talk and not enough action.

What the film does achieve is to remind us of the numerous industrious birds and animals that have featured in Barjatya’s films. In Maine Pyar Kiya (1989) the song “Kabootar Ja Ja Ja” is dedicated to a pigeon named Handsome. The heroine urges Handsome to deliver a love letter to the hero after the clever bird picks up her undelivered missive and hints that it can do the job.

In Main Prem Ki Deewani Hoon (2003), the animated parrot Raja is as colourful as his plumage, singing old film songs to entertain members of the family and keeping secrets. In this video, the cast and crew of the film describe their collective experience of working with a cartoon character with utmost sincerity. Barjatya recalls how the idea of Raja was developed during the filming of Hum Saath Saath Hain (1999), in which a parrot was used in a sequence but could not be incorporated in the final film. After Main Prem Ki Deewani Hoon tanked, Barjatya decided against using animals in his movies.

Meet Raja Tota.

Barjatya was following a tradition set by films in the 1970s and ‘80s. During these decades, pets earned their loyalty. They were merely ornamental, but propelled the narrative forward.

In Haathi Mere Saathi (1971), elephants save the orphan Raju from a leopard attack. One of the elephants, Ramu, forms an inseparable bond with Raju. Their friendship is often tested to its limits, giving the film its most popular song “Chal Chal Chal Mere Saathi”, which earned lyricist Anand Bakshi a special award from the Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals.

‘Chal Chal Chal Mere Saathi’.

The horse named Dhanno in Sholay (1975) has a brief but vital role. Dhanno is a mute recipient of her owner Basanti’s constant chatter and even saves her honour on one occasion. Manmohan Desai’s Coolie (1983) has an eagle named Allah Rakha (real name Ballu), which saves its master Iqbal (Amitabh Bachchan) from goons by gouging their eyes out.

Allah Rakha in ‘Coolie

Manmohan Desai loved to use animals in his productions. Badal, the horse in his hit film Mard (1985), goes everywhere with its owner, Raju (Amitabh Bachchan). Badal also has a comic sub-plot in which it falls in love with a mare (actually a statue).

A longer role with serious acting chops (including shedding copious tears and lighting the funeral pyre of its dead master) belongs to Brownie, the black Labrador in Teri Meherbaniyan (1985). Brownie is the real hero of the film, who avenges the death of his master Ram (Jackie Shroff).

In 1992, Desai imitator David Dhawan introduced a dog with a double role in Bol Radha Bol. The hero Kishen Malhotra (Rishi Kapoor) returns to his house after a trip to discover that a duplicate Kishen and his duplicate dog have replaced him and his pet Moti.

The monkey Bajrangi in Dhawan’s Aankhen (1993) is one of the comic heroes alongside Govinda and Chunky Pandey. Bajrangi’s scenes with actor Kader Khan provide some of the best laughs in the film. In the song “Bade Naam Ka Bandar”, Bajrangi is compared to top stars through the lyrics “Maare toh Dharmendra, naache toh Jeetendra, roye toh Rajendra.”

‘Bade Naam Ka Bander’.

Computer-generated animals have mostly replaced the real thing in the movies. As Tuffy: True Bollywood Stories reminds us, this loss has not gone unnoticed.

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The next Industrial Revolution is here – driven by the digitalization of manufacturing processes

Technologies such as Industry 4.0, IoT, robotics and Big Data analytics are transforming the manufacturing industry in a big way.

The manufacturing industry across the world is seeing major changes, driven by globalization and increasing consumer demand. As per a report by the World Economic Forum and Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu Ltd on the future of manufacturing, the ability to innovate at a quicker pace will be the major differentiating factor in the success of companies and countries.

This is substantiated by a PWC research which shows that across industries, the most innovative companies in the manufacturing sector grew 38% (2013 - 2016), about 11% year on year, while the least innovative manufacturers posted only a 10% growth over the same period.

Along with innovation in products, the transformation of manufacturing processes will also be essential for companies to remain competitive and maintain their profitability. This is where digital technologies can act as a potential game changer.

The digitalization of the manufacturing industry involves the integration of digital technologies in manufacturing processes across the value chain. Also referred to as Industry 4.0, digitalization is poised to reshape all aspects of the manufacturing industry and is being hailed as the next Industrial Revolution. Integral to Industry 4.0 is the ‘smart factory’, where devices are inter-connected, and processes are streamlined, thus ensuring greater productivity across the value chain, from design and development, to engineering and manufacturing and finally to service and logistics.

Internet of Things (IoT), robotics, artificial intelligence and Big Data analytics are some of the key technologies powering Industry 4.0. According to a report, Industry 4.0 will prompt manufacturers globally to invest $267 billion in technologies like IoT by 2020. Investments in digitalization can lead to excellent returns. Companies that have implemented digitalization solutions have almost halved their manufacturing cycle time through more efficient use of their production lines. With a single line now able to produce more than double the number of product variants as three lines in the conventional model, end to end digitalization has led to an almost 20% jump in productivity.

Digitalization and the Indian manufacturing industry

The Make in India program aims to increase the contribution of the manufacturing industry to the country’s GDP from 16% to 25% by 2022. India’s manufacturing sector could also potentially touch $1 trillion by 2025. However, to achieve these goals and for the industry to reach its potential, it must overcome the several internal and external obstacles that impede its growth. These include competition from other Asian countries, infrastructural deficiencies and lack of skilled manpower.

There is a common sentiment across big manufacturers that India lacks the eco-system for making sophisticated components. According to FICCI’s report on the readiness of Indian manufacturing to adopt advanced manufacturing trends, only 10% of companies have adopted new technologies for manufacturing, while 80% plan to adopt the same by 2020. This indicates a significant gap between the potential and the reality of India’s manufacturing industry.

The ‘Make in India’ vision of positioning India as a global manufacturing hub requires the industry to adopt innovative technologies. Digitalization can give the Indian industry an impetus to deliver products and services that match global standards, thereby getting access to global markets.

The policy, thus far, has received a favourable response as global tech giants have either set up or are in the process of setting up hi-tech manufacturing plants in India. Siemens, for instance, is helping companies in India gain a competitive advantage by integrating industry-specific software applications that optimise performance across the entire value chain.

The Digital Enterprise is Siemens’ solution portfolio for the digitalization of industries. It comprises of powerful software and future-proof automation solutions for industries and companies of all sizes. For the discrete industries, the Digital Enterprise Suite offers software and hardware solutions to seamlessly integrate and digitalize their entire value chain – including suppliers – from product design to service, all based on one data model. The result of this is a perfect digital copy of the value chain: the digital twin. This enables companies to perform simulation, testing, and optimization in a completely virtual environment.

The process industries benefit from Integrated Engineering to Integrated Operations by utilizing a continuous data model of the entire lifecycle of a plant that helps to increase flexibility and efficiency. Both offerings can be easily customized to meet the individual requirements of each sector and company, like specific simulation software for machines or entire plants.

Siemens has identified projects across industries and plans to upgrade these industries by connecting hardware, software and data. This seamless integration of state-of-the-art digital technologies to provide sustainable growth that benefits everyone is what Siemens calls ‘Ingenuity for Life’.

Case studies for technology-led changes

An example of the implementation of digitalization solutions from Siemens can be seen in the case of pharma major Cipla Ltd’s Kurkumbh factory.

Cipla needed a robust and flexible distributed control system to dispense and manage solvents for the manufacture of its APIs (active pharmaceutical ingredients used in many medicines). As part of the project, Siemens partnered with Cipla to install the DCS-SIMATIC PCS 7 control system and migrate from batch manufacturing to continuous manufacturing. By establishing the first ever flow Chemistry based API production system in India, Siemens has helped Cipla in significantly lowering floor space, time, wastage, energy and utility costs. This has also improved safety and product quality.

In yet another example, technology provided by Siemens helped a cement plant maximise its production capacity. Wonder Cement, a greenfield project set up by RK Marbles in Rajasthan, needed an automated system to improve productivity. Siemens’ solution called CEMAT used actual plant data to make precise predictions for quality parameters which were previously manually entered by operators. As a result, production efficiency was increased and operators were also freed up to work on other critical tasks. Additionally, emissions and energy consumption were lowered – a significant achievement for a typically energy intensive cement plant.

In the case of automobile major, Mahindra & Mahindra, Siemens’ involvement involved digitalizing the whole product development system. Siemens has partnered with the manufacturer to provide a holistic solution across the entire value chain, from design and planning to engineering and execution. This includes design and software solutions for Product Lifecycle Management, Siemens Technology for Powertrain (STP) and Integrated Automation. For Powertrain, the solutions include SINUMERIK, SINAMICS, SIMOTICS and SIMATIC controls and drives, besides CNC and PLC-controlled machines linked via the Profinet interface.

The above solutions helped the company puts its entire product lifecycle on a digital platform. This has led to multi-fold benefits – better time optimization, higher productivity, improved vehicle performance and quicker response to market requirements.

Siemens is using its global expertise to guide Indian industries through their digital transformation. With the right technologies in place, India can see a significant improvement in design and engineering, cutting product development time by as much as 30%. Besides, digital technologies driven by ‘Ingenuity for Life’ can help Indian manufacturers achieve energy efficiency and ensure variety and flexibility in their product offerings while maintaining quality.


The above examples of successful implementation of digitalization are just some of the examples of ‘Ingenuity for Life’ in action. To learn more about Siemens’ push to digitalize India’s manufacturing sector, see here.

This article was produced on behalf of Siemens by the marketing team and not by the editorial staff.