Documentary channel

A rich spread of documentaries from India and elsewhere at biennial Films Division festival

The Mumbai International Film Festival for Documentary, Short and Animation Films will be held from January 28 to February 3.

The line-up for the 15th edition of the biennial Mumbai International Film Festival for Documentary, Short and Animation Films encompasses a wide range of issues and aesthetics, from the 1984 anti-Sikh riots and the Holocaust to contemporary student activism and the music and visual arts scene in Kashmir. Organised by the Films Division of the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, the festival will be held across six venues in the city from January 28 to February 3.

This year, the festival directorate reportedly received a record 790 entries – 194 submissions from 32 countries for the International Competition section and 596 for the National Competition. Of these 42 films have been shortlisted under the National Competition section, comprising a mix of documentaries, short films and animated movies, and 25 have made it to the International Competition.

Documentaries above 60 minutes in length selected for the National Competition section include Subrata Sen’s Kali, Uma Chakravarti’s Lucknow 1920-1949, Vaishali Sinha’s Ask The Sexpert on Mumbai sexologist Mahinder Watsa, Anupama Chandra and Uma Tanuku’s Books We Made, on the feminist publishing house Kali for Women, RV Ramani’s Santhal Family to Mill Re-call, Sanjib Parasar’s Living The Natural Way and Biju Toppo and Meghnath’s Naachi Se Baanchi.

Play
Living The Natural Way.

The National Competition section also features 14 documentaries under 60 minutes. This list includes Teenaa Kaur’s 1984,When the Sun didn’t Rise, Juhi Bhatt’s Veil Done, Biju Pankaj’s The Loss of Western Ghats, Fazil Nc & Shawn Sebastian’s In the Shade of Fallen Chinar, Swati Chakraborty’s National Award-winning I am Jeeja and Amitabh Parashar’s The Eyes of Darkness, about the blinding of more than 30 undertrials in Bihar’s Bhagalpur district in 1980.

Play
Veil Done.

The 20 short films (up to 45 minutes) in this competition include Ranjan Chandel’s Beloved, Sharan Venugopal’s Sopanam, Saurav Rai’s Nest, Heena D’Souza’s Pressure Cooker and Prantik Basu’s Sakhisona.

The non-competition National Prism section features 24 documentaries and short films shot in various parts of the country. Sunita Malpani’s Breaking All The Way turns its lens on Indian b-boys and hip-hop, while Tushar Madhav and Sarvnik Kaur’s A Ballad of Maladies explores how dissent is expressed through art in Kashmir.

Beeswaranjan Pradhan’s The Tribal Scoop travels to a small town in the interiors of Odisha to chronicle the stories of its Adivasi population, while Shijith VP’s chronicle of gender discrimination, Nakusa: Unwanted is My Name, depicts a community in Maharashtra where girls are all named Nakusa or Nakoshi, meaning unwanted, because of the preference for a male child.

G Dhananjayan’s The Pioneering Duo, a biopic on directors Krishnan and Panju, and Yashaswini Godse’s Prabhakar Pendharkar The Magic Touch on the Marathi writer will also be screened in this section.

Play
Breaking All The Way.

The International Competition section will feature 19 documentaries, includes entries from Canada, Australia, Bangladesh, France, Poland, Finland, the United Kingdom, and the United States.

Seven Indian entries are also competing in this category, including Nupur Basu’s Velvet Revolution, based on female journalists covering conflicts in different parts of the world, and Yousuf Saeed’s Campus Rising, about student agitations in colleges and universities across India in 2016-’17. Acclaimed filmmaker Kamal Swaroop’s Atul, a documentary on renowned artist Atul Dodhia, and Shabnam Sukhdev’s biopic on architect Didi Contractor titled Earth Crusader will also compete in the section.

Play
Earth Crusader.

The six international short films in this category include two entries from India – Amar Kaushik’s Grandfather and Jahnu Barua’s That Gusty Morning. Other countries on the list are South Korea (Nakyung Kim’s My Turn), Israel (Nadav Direktor’s The Egg), Singapore (Anshul Tiwari’s Wabi Sabi) and Estonia (Anna Hints’s Ice).

The International Prism section features Kamal Swaroop’s celebrated documentary Puskhar Puran, about the annual Pushkar fair in Rajasthan. Two Israeli entries will be screened in the section, including Sagi Bornstein and Udi Nir’s #Uploading_holocaust, which is composed entirely of YouTube videos.

Mahera Omar’s Rebel Optimist on the life of Pakistani activist Perween Rahman, and Japanese filmmaker Nakamura Takayuki’s Zen and Bones, the biopic of an unconventional 93-year-old Japanese-American Zen monk, are also in this non-competition section.

Indian films listed in the International Prism category include Aniruddha Sen’s Saints of Sin and Malati Rao’s Born Behind Bars.

Play
#uploading_holocaust.

In the package titled Stories from South Asia and curated by filmmaker and editor Reena Mohan, there are 31 shorts, fictional films and documentaries of varying length. Seven of these films are about childhood, and include films about a child ragpicker from Afghanistan and a fictional short about an old and a young monk from Nepal.

Acclaimed Bangladeshi director Yasmine Kabir’s Roshi looks at the employment of children in the rope-making trade. The package includes Pankaj Johar’s Cecilia, which follows his Assamese maid’s attempts to seek justice for her daughter, who was trafficked and found dead in Delhi. The Ektara Collective’s Chanda Ke Joote is a fictional short about a girl who hates to wear shoes.

Play
Chanda Ke Joote.

The sub-section Home has films from Bhutan, Bangladesh and Nepal, while The Worlds of Women includes The Mermaids of Churna Island, about Pakistan’s only scuba diving instructor, and a documentary on Qandeel Baloch.

Noted Nepali director Kesang Tseten’s Hospital looks at the working of a government hospital in one of Nepal’s most backward districts. Jude Ratnam’s Demons in Paradise is a personal documentary on the filmmaker’s experiences with the Tamil civil war that was crushed by the Sri Lankan government in 2009.

Mohan has also co-curated a package (along with Ilang Ilang Quijano) from the Philippines. This includes Jewel Maranan’s Tondo, Beloved: To What Are The Poor Born?, set in Manila’s Tondo district, and Nick & Chai, about a couple who lost their four children to the Super Typhoon Haiyan in 2013.

Play
Demons in Paradise.
Support our journalism by subscribing to Scroll+ here. We welcome your comments at letters@scroll.in.
Sponsored Content BY 

The next Industrial Revolution is here – driven by the digitalization of manufacturing processes

Technologies such as Industry 4.0, IoT, robotics and Big Data analytics are transforming the manufacturing industry in a big way.

The manufacturing industry across the world is seeing major changes, driven by globalization and increasing consumer demand. As per a report by the World Economic Forum and Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu Ltd on the future of manufacturing, the ability to innovate at a quicker pace will be the major differentiating factor in the success of companies and countries.

This is substantiated by a PWC research which shows that across industries, the most innovative companies in the manufacturing sector grew 38% (2013 - 2016), about 11% year on year, while the least innovative manufacturers posted only a 10% growth over the same period.

Along with innovation in products, the transformation of manufacturing processes will also be essential for companies to remain competitive and maintain their profitability. This is where digital technologies can act as a potential game changer.

The digitalization of the manufacturing industry involves the integration of digital technologies in manufacturing processes across the value chain. Also referred to as Industry 4.0, digitalization is poised to reshape all aspects of the manufacturing industry and is being hailed as the next Industrial Revolution. Integral to Industry 4.0 is the ‘smart factory’, where devices are inter-connected, and processes are streamlined, thus ensuring greater productivity across the value chain, from design and development, to engineering and manufacturing and finally to service and logistics.

Internet of Things (IoT), robotics, artificial intelligence and Big Data analytics are some of the key technologies powering Industry 4.0. According to a report, Industry 4.0 will prompt manufacturers globally to invest $267 billion in technologies like IoT by 2020. Investments in digitalization can lead to excellent returns. Companies that have implemented digitalization solutions have almost halved their manufacturing cycle time through more efficient use of their production lines. With a single line now able to produce more than double the number of product variants as three lines in the conventional model, end to end digitalization has led to an almost 20% jump in productivity.

Digitalization and the Indian manufacturing industry

The Make in India program aims to increase the contribution of the manufacturing industry to the country’s GDP from 16% to 25% by 2022. India’s manufacturing sector could also potentially touch $1 trillion by 2025. However, to achieve these goals and for the industry to reach its potential, it must overcome the several internal and external obstacles that impede its growth. These include competition from other Asian countries, infrastructural deficiencies and lack of skilled manpower.

There is a common sentiment across big manufacturers that India lacks the eco-system for making sophisticated components. According to FICCI’s report on the readiness of Indian manufacturing to adopt advanced manufacturing trends, only 10% of companies have adopted new technologies for manufacturing, while 80% plan to adopt the same by 2020. This indicates a significant gap between the potential and the reality of India’s manufacturing industry.

The ‘Make in India’ vision of positioning India as a global manufacturing hub requires the industry to adopt innovative technologies. Digitalization can give the Indian industry an impetus to deliver products and services that match global standards, thereby getting access to global markets.

The policy, thus far, has received a favourable response as global tech giants have either set up or are in the process of setting up hi-tech manufacturing plants in India. Siemens, for instance, is helping companies in India gain a competitive advantage by integrating industry-specific software applications that optimise performance across the entire value chain.

The Digital Enterprise is Siemens’ solution portfolio for the digitalization of industries. It comprises of powerful software and future-proof automation solutions for industries and companies of all sizes. For the discrete industries, the Digital Enterprise Suite offers software and hardware solutions to seamlessly integrate and digitalize their entire value chain – including suppliers – from product design to service, all based on one data model. The result of this is a perfect digital copy of the value chain: the digital twin. This enables companies to perform simulation, testing, and optimization in a completely virtual environment.

The process industries benefit from Integrated Engineering to Integrated Operations by utilizing a continuous data model of the entire lifecycle of a plant that helps to increase flexibility and efficiency. Both offerings can be easily customized to meet the individual requirements of each sector and company, like specific simulation software for machines or entire plants.

Siemens has identified projects across industries and plans to upgrade these industries by connecting hardware, software and data. This seamless integration of state-of-the-art digital technologies to provide sustainable growth that benefits everyone is what Siemens calls ‘Ingenuity for Life’.

Case studies for technology-led changes

An example of the implementation of digitalization solutions from Siemens can be seen in the case of pharma major Cipla Ltd’s Kurkumbh factory.

Cipla needed a robust and flexible distributed control system to dispense and manage solvents for the manufacture of its APIs (active pharmaceutical ingredients used in many medicines). As part of the project, Siemens partnered with Cipla to install the DCS-SIMATIC PCS 7 control system and migrate from batch manufacturing to continuous manufacturing. By establishing the first ever flow Chemistry based API production system in India, Siemens has helped Cipla in significantly lowering floor space, time, wastage, energy and utility costs. This has also improved safety and product quality.

In yet another example, technology provided by Siemens helped a cement plant maximise its production capacity. Wonder Cement, a greenfield project set up by RK Marbles in Rajasthan, needed an automated system to improve productivity. Siemens’ solution called CEMAT used actual plant data to make precise predictions for quality parameters which were previously manually entered by operators. As a result, production efficiency was increased and operators were also freed up to work on other critical tasks. Additionally, emissions and energy consumption were lowered – a significant achievement for a typically energy intensive cement plant.

In the case of automobile major, Mahindra & Mahindra, Siemens’ involvement involved digitalizing the whole product development system. Siemens has partnered with the manufacturer to provide a holistic solution across the entire value chain, from design and planning to engineering and execution. This includes design and software solutions for Product Lifecycle Management, Siemens Technology for Powertrain (STP) and Integrated Automation. For Powertrain, the solutions include SINUMERIK, SINAMICS, SIMOTICS and SIMATIC controls and drives, besides CNC and PLC-controlled machines linked via the Profinet interface.

The above solutions helped the company puts its entire product lifecycle on a digital platform. This has led to multi-fold benefits – better time optimization, higher productivity, improved vehicle performance and quicker response to market requirements.

Siemens is using its global expertise to guide Indian industries through their digital transformation. With the right technologies in place, India can see a significant improvement in design and engineering, cutting product development time by as much as 30%. Besides, digital technologies driven by ‘Ingenuity for Life’ can help Indian manufacturers achieve energy efficiency and ensure variety and flexibility in their product offerings while maintaining quality.

Play

The above examples of successful implementation of digitalization are just some of the examples of ‘Ingenuity for Life’ in action. To learn more about Siemens’ push to digitalize India’s manufacturing sector, see here.

This article was produced on behalf of Siemens by the Scroll.in marketing team and not by the Scroll.in editorial staff.