Twenty more people in India have tested positive for the coronavirus variant detected in the United Kingdom, the Hindustan Times reported on Tuesday, citing the health ministry. With this, a total of 58 samples have been found to be positive with the new virus strain.
A consortium of laboratories, set up by the Centre, conducted genome sequencing and released test results. Among the sequenced samples, 19 cases have been detected in two Delhi labs, 25 in Pune, 10 in Bengaluru, three in Hyderabad, and one in Kolkata.
So far, the samples have been sequenced in six of the 10 designated labs across the country. Genome sequencing can provide crucial information about how a virus is evolving or if new variants are emerging, how the virus is spreading from one place to another and whether cases in a given cluster are linked to one another.
From November 25 to December 23, 2020, about 33,000 passengers arrived at various airports in India from the UK. All of them are being tracked and tested via RT-PCR or reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction tests.
“All these persons have been kept in single-room isolation in designated health care facilities by respective state governments,” the health ministry said in a statement. “Their close contacts have also been put under quarantine. Comprehensive contact tracing has been initiated for co-travellers, family contacts and others. Genome sequencing on other specimens is going on.”
The ministry said regular advice is being given to the states for enhanced surveillance, containment, and testing of samples.
The new virus strain
The new UK virus variant, which scientists have named “VUI – 202012/01”, includes a genetic mutation in the “spike protein”, which could result in coronavirus spreading more easily between people. It was first announced by Matt Hancock, the UK health secretary, on December 14, and was subsequently confirmed by Public Health England and the UK’s Covid-19 sequencing consortium. Screening back through databases of SARS-CoV-2, the virus which causes Covid-19, the first sample was taken in the county of Kent on September 20.
The variant carries 23 mutations in its genetic code – a relatively high number of changes compared with the version that originated in Wuhan, China, a year ago – and some of these are affecting its ability to spread. UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson has claimed that this was as much as 70% more transmissible than previous versions.
On Monday, Johnson announced a complete lockdown in England, fuelled by the new variant of the virus. The restrictions are due to last until at least mid-February. Johnson warned that the coming weeks would be the “hardest yet”.
Most scientists have said that the new variant has rapidly become the dominant strain in coronavirus cases in parts of southern England, and have linked it to an increase in hospitalisation rates. However, it is difficult to say exactly how much more transmissible the new variant may be as scientists have not yet done the kind of lab experiments that are required to assess it.
The new strain has also been reported in the United States, Denmark, Netherlands, Australia, Italy, Sweden, France, Spain, Switzerland, Germany, Canada, Japan, Lebanon and Singapore.