National security

Ceasefire in Kashmir during Ramzan has generated goodwill, Rajnath Singh tells The Hindu

The home minister said India was willing to work with Pakistan to tackle terrorism.

Minister of Home Affairs Rajnath Singh has said that the government’s decision to announce a ceasefire in the Kashmir Valley during the month of Ramzan has generated goodwill. The minister made the remarks during an interview with The Hindu that was published on Thursday.

“We implemented it during Ramzan as we did not want any civilian casualties,” Singh said. “We will see what needs to be done later but this was done to give relief to those Muslims who are inclined to peace. It is a muqaddas [pious] festival.”

The Centre asked the armed forces not to launch any operations during Ramzan, which ends on Thursday. This unilateral ceasefire is seen as an attempt to assuage the anger that has been driving local youth to militancy.

The minister said the decision was taken after consulting everyone and Prime Minister Narendra Modi was also on board. “Our government does not discriminate on the basis of religion but a terrorist does not have religion or does not belong to any caste or creed,” he said. “The decision was taken so that those Muslims who want peace do not face inconvenience during Ramzan.”

The minister said that though the ceasefire generated goodwill, recent attacks were a cause of concern. He mentioned the recent grenade attacks and the killing of two policemen at a court complex in Pulwama. Cross-border firing by Pakistan has gone down since the meeting between the directors general of military operations of India and Pakistan, Singh added. At the meeting, the two countries agreed to implement the ceasefire understanding of 2003 “in letter and spirit”.

“While infiltration continues, cross-border firing has gone down a bit,” Singh said. “Pakistan should stop this. The decision of the DGMOs is significant and it should be honoured.”

Singh said the government was willing to talk to Pakistan, but asked it to take action against terrorist groups functioning in the country. “We took several initiatives,” the minister claimed. “The prime minister broke all protocols and went to Pakistan to attend a wedding function [Nawaz Sharif’s granddaughter’s wedding]. We did not get the kind of response we expected for the gesture.” New Delhi is willing to help Islamabad tackle terrorists and work with it to wipe out terrorism from Pakistan, Singh added.

Asked about the decision to review Modi’s security following police reports of a plot to kill him, Singh said there were inputs other than the e-mail seized by the Pune Police on June 8 at the home of one of the five activists arrested for having links with the banned Communist Party of India (Maoist). The letter had reportedly suggested a plot to kill Modi in a “Rajiv Gandhi-type incident” during one of his roadshows.

“He is a popular PM, India is progressing fast under him and there would be many countries that do not like India’s rise and could go to any lengths to destabilise the country,” the minister told the newspaper. “We cannot rule out this possibility. A PM under whom the country has progressed so fast, worrying about his security is our concern.”

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Swara Bhasker: Sharp objects has to be on the radar of every woman who is tired of being “nice”

The actress weighs in on what she loves about the show.

This article has been written by award-winning actor Swara Bhasker.

All women growing up in India, South Asia, or anywhere in the world frankly; will remember in some form or the other that gentle girlhood admonishing, “Nice girls don’t do that.” I kept recalling that gently reasoned reproach as I watched Sharp Objects (you can catch it on Hotstar Premium). Adapted from the author of Gone Girl, Gillian Flynn’s debut novel Sharp Objects has been directed by Jean-Marc Vallée, who has my heart since he gave us Big Little Lies. It stars the multiple-Oscar nominee Amy Adams, who delivers a searing performance as Camille Preaker; and Patricia Clarkson, who is magnetic as the dominating and dark Adora Crellin. As an actress myself, it felt great to watch a show driven by its female performers.

The series is woven around a troubled, alcohol-dependent, self-harming, female journalist Camille (single and in her thirties incidentally) who returns to the small town of her birth and childhood, Wind Gap, Missouri, to report on two similarly gruesome murders of teenage girls. While the series is a murder mystery, it equally delves into the psychology, not just of the principal characters, but also of the town, and thus a culture as a whole.

There is a lot that impresses in Sharp Objects — the manner in which the storytelling gently unwraps a plot that is dark, disturbing and shocking, the stellar and crafty control that Jean-Marc Vallée exercises on his narrative, the cinematography that is fluid and still manages to suggest that something sinister lurks within Wind Gap, the editing which keeps this narrative languid yet sharp and consistently evokes a haunting sensation.

Sharp Objects is also liberating (apart from its positive performance on Bechdel parameters) as content — for female actors and for audiences in giving us female centric and female driven shows that do not bear the burden of providing either role-models or even uplifting messages. 

Instead, it presents a world where women are dangerous and dysfunctional but very real — a world where women are neither pure victims, nor pure aggressors. A world where they occupy the grey areas, complex and contradictory as agents in a power play, in which they control some reigns too.

But to me personally, and perhaps to many young women viewers across the world, what makes Sharp Objects particularly impactful, perhaps almost poignant, is the manner in which it unravels the whole idea, the culture, the entire psychology of that childhood admonishment “Nice girls don’t do that.” Sharp Objects explores the sinister and dark possibilities of what the corollary of that thinking could be.

“Nice girls don’t do that.”

“Who does?”

“Bad girls.”

“So I’m a bad girl.”

“You shouldn’t be a bad girl.”

“Why not?”

“Bad girls get in trouble.”

“What trouble? What happens to bad girls?”

“Bad things.”

“What bad things?”

“Very bad things.”

“How bad?”

“Terrible!!!”

“Like what?”

“Like….”

A point the show makes early on is that both the victims of the introductory brutal murders were not your typically nice girly-girls. Camille, the traumatised protagonist carrying a burden from her past was herself not a nice girl. Amma, her deceptive half-sister manipulates the nice girl act to defy her controlling mother. But perhaps the most incisive critique on the whole ‘Be a nice girl’ culture, in fact the whole ‘nice’ culture — nice folks, nice manners, nice homes, nice towns — comes in the form of Adora’s character and the manner in which beneath the whole veneer of nice, a whole town is complicit in damning secrets and not-so-nice acts. At one point early on in the show, Adora tells her firstborn Camille, with whom she has a strained relationship (to put it mildly), “I just want things to be nice with us but maybe I don’t know how..” Interestingly it is this very notion of ‘nice’ that becomes the most oppressive and deceptive experience of young Camille, and later Amma’s growing years.

This ‘Culture of Nice’ is in fact the pervasive ‘Culture of Silence’ that women all over the world, particularly in India, are all too familiar with. 

It takes different forms, but always towards the same goal — to silence the not-so-nice details of what the experiences; sometimes intimate experiences of women might be. This Culture of Silence is propagated from the child’s earliest experience of being parented by society in general. Amongst the values that girls receive in our early years — apart from those of being obedient, dutiful, respectful, homely — we also receive the twin headed Chimera in the form of shame and guilt.

“Have some shame!”

“Oh for shame!”

“Shameless!”

“Shameful!”

“Ashamed.”

“Do not bring shame upon…”

Different phrases in different languages, but always with the same implication. Shameful things happen to girls who are not nice and that brings ‘shame’ on the family or everyone associated with the girl. And nice folks do not talk about these things. Nice folks go on as if nothing has happened.

It is this culture of silence that women across the world today, are calling out in many different ways. Whether it is the #MeToo movement or a show like Sharp Objects; or on a lighter and happier note, even a film like Veere Di Wedding punctures this culture of silence, quite simply by refusing to be silenced and saying the not-nice things, or depicting the so called ‘unspeakable’ things that could happen to girls. By talking about the unspeakable, you rob it of the power to shame you; you disallow the ‘Culture of Nice’ to erase your experience. You stand up for yourself and you build your own identity.

And this to me is the most liberating aspect of being an actor, and even just a girl at a time when shows like Sharp Objects and Big Little Lies (another great show on Hotstar Premium), and films like Veere Di Wedding and Anaarkali Of Aarah are being made.

The next time I hear someone say, “Nice girls don’t do that!”, I know what I’m going to say — I don’t give a shit about nice. I’m just a girl! And that’s okay!

Swara is a an award winning actor of the Hindi film industry. Her last few films, including Veere Di Wedding, Anaarkali of Aaraah and Nil Battey Sannata have earned her both critical and commercial success. Swara is an occasional writer of articles and opinion pieces. The occasions are frequent :).

Watch the trailer of Sharp Objects here:

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This article was published by the Scroll marketing team with Swara Bhasker on behalf of Hotstar Premium and not by the Scroll editorial team.